John Cage cutting a mushroom in the woods.
William Gedney Photographs and Writings
Duke University David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
“I can distinguish three ways of composing music nowadays. The first is well known, that of writing music as I do. It continues. A new way has developed through electronic music and the construction of new sound sources for making music by performing it, rather than writing it. And a third way has developed in recording studios, which is similar to the way artists work in their studios to make paintings. Music can be built up layer by layer on recording tape, not to give a performance or to write music, but to appear on record.”
John Cage, interview with Ilhan Mimaroglu, reprinted in Conversing with Cage (1987)